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Unemployment Benefits

This covers the contingency of unemployment for those people who, while willing and able to work, lose their job temporarily or permanently, or have their working hours reduced by at least a third, with the corresponding loss or reduction in wages due to any of the reasons established as legally unemployed statuses. The protection of this situation at contributory level is known as unemployment benefit.

Employed workers included in the General Scheme of the Social Security, personnel hired under administrative law and civil servants working for the Civil service who are required to make contributions for this contingency, are included under unemployment protection.

Employed workers included in the special schemes of the Social Security which cover this contingency (coal mine workers, permanent employees in the Special Agricultural Scheme and sea workers, including those paid with a profit share system who provide services on fishing vessels under 10 gross tonnes) are also included, with certain special rules.


The duration of the benefit depends on the period of effective contributions over the six years prior to the acquisition of legally unemployed status or the time when the obligation to make contributions came to an end, or from the start of the entitlement to the previous unemployment benefit, in accordance with a scale starting from 360 days of contributions (which would give entitlement to 120 days of benefits) up to 2,160 days or more of contributions (in which case the benefit would be extended to 720 days).

Duration of the unemployment benefit
Contribution period
(in days)
Benefit period
(in days)
From 360 up to 539 120
From 540 up to 719 180
From 720 up to 899 240
From 900 up to 1079 300
From 1,080 up to 1,259 360
From 1,260 up to 1,439 420
From 1,440 up to 1,619 480
From 1,620 up to 1,799 540
From 1,800 up to 1,979 600
From 1,980 up to 2,159 660
From 2,160 up to 720
Periods of effective contributions over the previous six years

Unemployment Benefits

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