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History and Current Model of the Spanish Social Security System

In all countries, Social Security is a result of the development of society and is conditioned both by the demands that society aspires to meet, and by the potential of the economic setting they find themselves in.

The formation and development of the Social Security, until arriving at the current model, is characterised by the existence of a series of stages, whose timeline can be drawn up according to successive political, legal and organisational measures which have shaped social protection in a broad sense.

In broad outlines, the development of the Social Security features three fundamental stages:

  • Welfare and institutional definition stage (1900 - 1962).
  • Regulatory configuration stage (1962 – 1978).
  • Stage of consolidation of the social protection system as an expression of the welfare state (from 1978 to the present).
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