Economic benefits for dependent child or minor in permanent foster care or under pre-adoption guardianship
Please follow the link to the Processes and Procedures section to see a simplified version.
This consists of a financial allowance for each child under 18 years of age and affected by a disability of 33% or more, or over that age when the degree of disability is 65% or more, in the care of the beneficiary, regardless of the legal nature of the relationship, as well as for minors in their care in foster care, permanent or guardianship for the purpose of adoption, who meet the same requirements.
(Seventh transitional provision Royal Decree-Law 20/2020)
From 1 June 2020, the date of entry into force of Royal Decree-Law 20/2020, which establishes the minimum vital income, the financial allowance for each dependent child or child under 18 years of age without disability or with a degree of disability of less than 33 per cent has been abolished, and no new applications may be submitted for such persons. However, the beneficiaries of this financial allowance shall continue to receive this benefit until the requirements cease to be met and the benefit is terminated.
Applications submitted before 1 June 2020 shall be governed by the rule in force at the time of submission.
For these beneficiaries, the INSS has allowed the possibility of converting their entitlement from the financial allowance they were receiving to the transitional minimum vital income benefit.
On a residual basis, until the entitlement expires, the regulations applicable to beneficiaries to whom the transitional regime applies are maintained, as well as the rules and instructions for verifying the requirement of not exceeding the income limit established , taking into account the eligible income.
In cases where a transitional minimum vital income benefit has been recognised as a family benefit with a dependent child or minor, from 1 January 2022 the transitional benefit will become the minimum vital income benefit, provided that the requirements are met and the interested party provides the documentation required for this purpose by the National Social Security Institute before 31 December 2021.
Beneficiaries of the financial allowance for a dependent child or minor under the Social Security system who have not been notified of the decision to recognise the transitional benefits, and who meet the requirements, may apply to the National Social Security Institute for recognition of this allowance. The benefit shall be recognised, where applicable, with financial effect from the next day of the month following the submission of the application.