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Languages available: Castellano

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Languages available: Castellano

The amount of pension granted is determined by applying the general percentage  according to the number of years contributed to BP and, if applicable, the additional percentage for prolonging their working life, when retiring above the ordinary retirement age at any time and the applicable reduction quotient.

Percentage

Percentage applicable from 01-01-2013:

The percentage varies depending on the number of years the individual has been making Social Security contributions. A scale is applied that begins with 50% at 15 years, increasing  from the sixteenth year by 0.19% for each additional contribution month from month 1 to month 248, and by 0.18% for those who pass month 248, with the percentage applicable to the base pension never exceeding 100%, except in cases where the individual accesses their pension at a later age than is applicable to them.

Once this sum is determined, the corresponding sustainability factor for the given time is applied. The application of this sustainability factor has been postponed by Law 6/2018, of 3 July, on the General State Budget for 2018.

In any case, it shall enter into force no later than 1 January 2023.

However, until 2027, a gradual, transitional period has been established, in which the above percentages are replaced with the following:

PERCENTAGE – RETIREMENT – YEARS OF CONTRIBUTIONS
PERIOD
OF
APPLICATION
FIRST
15 YEARS
ADDITIONAL YEARS TOTAL
Years % ADDITIONAL
MONTHS
COEFFICIENT    %     YEARS YEARS   %  
2013 to 2019 15 50 1 to 163
83 remaining
0.21
0.19
34.23
15.77
15 50 Total 246 months 50.00 20.5 35.5 100
2020 to 2022 15 50 1 to 106
146 remaining
0.21
0.19
22.26
27.74
15 50 Total 252 months 50.00 21 36 100
2023 to 2026 15 50 1 to 49
209 remaining
0.21
0.19
10.29
39.71
15 50 Total 258 months 50.00 21.5 36.5 100
From 2027 15 50 1 to 248
16 remaining
0.19
0.18
47.12
2.88
15 50 Total 264 months 50.00 22 37 100


Transitional maintenance of maternity supplement

People who, on 4-2-2021, were receiving the demographic contribution maternity supplement will continue to receive it.

The receipt of the maternity supplement will be incompatible with the new contributory pension supplement for the reduction of the gender gap, and the persons concerned may choose between one or the other.

If the other parent of one of the children who was entitled to the maternity supplement applies for the contributory pension supplement and is entitled to receive it, the monthly amount recognised shall be deducted from the maternity supplement, with financial effects from the first day of the month following that of the decision, provided that the decision is issued within six months of the application or, where applicable, of the recognition of the pension that gave rise to it; after this period, the effects shall take effect from the first day of the seventh month following that of the decision.

Supplement for the reduction of the gender gap

The contributory pension supplement for the reduction of the gender gap, replaces the maternity supplement for demographic contribution with a supplement aimed at reducing the gender gap, which  seeks to repair the harm that women have suffered throughout their professional career for assuming a major role in the task of caring for children, which is projected in the area of pensions.

Percentage applicable to those who fall under legislation prior to 01/01/2013:

The percentage varies depending on the number of years the individual has been making Social Security contributions. A scale is applied that begins with 50% at 15 years, increasing by 3% for each additional year between the sixteenth and twenty-fifth year and 2% from the twenty-sixth year until reaching 100% at 35 years.

SCALE OF PERCENTAGES BY YEARS OF CONTRIBUTIONS
Years of contributions Percentage of the
base rate
At 15 years 50%
At 16 years 53%
At 17 years 56%
At 18 years 59%
At 19 years 62%
At 20 years 65%
At 21 years 68%
At 22 years 71%
At 23 years 74%
At 24 years 77%
At 25 years 80%
At 26 years 82%
At 27 years 84%
At 28 years 86%
At 29 years 88%
At 30 years 90%
At 31 years 92%
At 32 years 94%
At 33 years 96%
At 34 years 98%
At 35 years 100%

The contribution years to take into account are those made:

    • To the General Social Security System.

    • To the different Special Social Security Systems.

    • To the former Old Age Insurance and Disability  Systems and/or Labour Union.

    • To the integrated Systems, including those prior to the introduction of these if they count towards the right to the benefits they give rise to.

    • To other Social Security Entities, which act as substitutes for those corresponding to the regime or regimes that are yet to be integrated.

    • Contributions paid to the State Pensioners Regime.(Régimen de Clases Pasivas del Estado).

    • To the Public Administrations and organisations attached to them prior to 01-01-59 by personnel who did not hold civil servant positions.

    • The contributions  of staff in the Justice System shall be treated as periods of contributions where there is a difference between the periods actually worked as shown on the certificate of service and those shown on the certificate of contributions. These periods will not be included in the databases of the Social Security General Treasury and will therefore be treated as having contributed, at the request of the person concerned, at the time when the corresponding pension is paid or reviewed.

Rules for calculating the contribution years:

If the contributions were made prior to 01-01-67, all the days for which contributions were made will be taken into account and the total number of days will be divided by 365 to get the number of years of contributions. A fraction of a year cannot be counted as a full year, given that, once the first fifteen years of contributions are completed, the percentage applicable to the pension base increases with each additional month in which contributions are made.

If contributions were made prior to 01-01-67, the number of contribution years is calculated by dividing the total number of contribution days by 365 (without rounding up a fraction of a year to a full year) obtained from the sum of the following contributions:

  • Days of contributions to the General System and other regimes from 01-01-67.
  • Days of contributions to Old Age Insurance and Labour Unions between 01-01-60 and 31-12-66, provided these do not overlap.
  • The bonus days which correspond to the worker, according to the age reached on 01-01-67, as long as contributions are accredited to the Old Age and Disability Insurance and/or Labour Insurance, in accordance with the following scale:

SCALE FOR CALCULATING YEARS AND DAYS OF CONTRIBUTIONS
Age on 01-01-67 Years Days
65 years 30 318
64 years 30 67
63 years 29 182
62 years 28 296
61 years 28 46
60 years 27 161
59 years 26 275
58 years 26 25
57 years 25 139
56 years 24 254
55 years 24 4
54 years 23 118
53 years 22 233
52 years 21 347
51 years 21 97
50 years 20 212
49 years 19 326
48 years 19 76
47 years 18 191
46 years 17 305
45 years 17 55
44 years 16 169
43 years 15 284
42 years 15 34
41 years 14 148
40 years 13 263
39 years 13 12
38 years 12 127
37 years 11 242
36 years 10 356
35 years 10 106
34 years 9 220
33 years 8 335
32 years 8 85
31 years 7 199
30 years 6 314
29 years 6 64
28 years 5 178
27 years 4 293
26 years 4 42
25 years 3 157
24 years 2 272
23 years 2 21
22 years 1 136
21 years 0 250

Part-time Workers

  • The calculation base for retirement pensions and temporary disability benefit is reached using the general rule.
  • For the purposes of calculating the amount of retirement pensions and temporary disability benefits resulting from common disease and illness, the number of days contributed reached by applying the part-time quotient (letter a, paragraph 2) of article247 of the LGSS) will be increased by multiplying by a factor of 1.5; however, the total number of days may not exceed the period the worker was registered in part-time employment.
  • The percentage to be applied to the respective benefit or pension calculation base will be that given in thegeneral scale (article 210  and  temporary provision nine of the LGSS),  with the following exception:

    When the worker accredits less than 15 years of contributions, considering the sum of the full-time days with the part-time days now raised by multiplying by 1.5, the percentage applicable on the respective calculation base will be equivalent to the result of applying to 50 the percentage which represents the contribution period accredited by the worker over 15 years.

(*) Exoneration of contributions for workers aged 65 and over:

As of 01/01/2013:

Employers and workers will be exempted from having to pay Social security contributions for common disease and illness, except for temporary disability resulting from these, for salaried employees with indefinite work contracts as well as working members of co-operatives, provided they are in one of the following cases:

  • 65 years of age and 38 years and 6 months contributed.
  • 67 years of age and 37 years contributed.
     

In both the aforementioned cases, the proportional parts of extra salary payments will not enter into the calculation of years contributed.

If, upon reaching the ages mentioned in the previous points, the worker had not contributed  the number of required years in each case, the exemption will be applicable as of the date when the required years of contribution can be accredited in either case.

These exemptions will not be applicable to contributions for workers employed by Public Administrations or in Public Organisations regulated by Title III of Law 6/1997, passed on 14 April, on the organisation and functioning of the General State Administration.

For workers for whom contribution exemptions were applied, provided for in article 112 bis prior to 1 January 2013 and who are entitled to a retirement pension after said date, the period for which said exemptions have been applied will be considered as a period of paid contributions for the purposes of calculating the corresponding pension.

For people to whom the legislation prior to 01/01/2013 is applicable:

Employers and workers will be exempt from Social Security contributions for unemployment, Wage Guarantee Fund, vocational training and for common disease and illness, except for the temporary disability that may result from them, for salaried employees with indefinite work contracts as working members of co-operatives, provided  they are 65 years of age or over and they can accredit 35 years' effective contributions to the Social Security (proportional parts of extra salary payments do not enter into this calculation).

If, upon reaching 65 years of age, the worker had not paid 35 years' contributions, the exemption will be applicable as of the date on which said 35 years' effective contributions can be accredited.

These exemptions will not be applicable to contributions for workers employed by Public Administrations or in Public Organisations regulated by Title III of Law 6/1997, passed on 14 April, on the organisation and functioning of the General State Administration.

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