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Minimum Vital Income

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Languages available: Castellano

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Languages available: Castellano

The Minimum Living Allowance is a benefit aimed at preventing the risk of poverty and social exclusion of people living alone or who are part of a cohabitation unit and lacking the basic economic resources to meet their basic needs.

It is defined as a subjective right to an economic benefit, which is part of the protective action of the Social Security, and guarantees a minimum level of income for people in a situation of economic vulnerability.  It seeks to ensure a real improvement in opportunities for social and employment inclusion for the recipients.

It operates as a protection network aimed at allowing transit from a situation of exclusion to participation in society. It design will contain incentives for employment and inclusion, based on different forms of cooperation between administrations.


Obligations of beneficiaries

Beneficiaries of the minimum vital income shall be subject to the following obligations while receiving the benefit:

  1. Provide accurate documentation and information for the accreditation of requirements and the maintenance of the service, as well as to ensure the receipt of notifications and communications
  2. Communicate any change or situation that could lead to the modification, suspension or extinction of the service, within thirty calendar days from the date of its occurrence.
  3. Communicate any change of address or change of situation in the municipal register that personally affects the aforementioned holders or any other member of the cohabitation unit, within thirty calendar days of the change occurring.
  4. Reimburse the amount of benefits unduly received.
  5. Notify the managing body in advance of any trips abroad by both the beneficiary and the members of the cohabitation unit for a period, whether continuous or not, of more than ninety calendar days each calendar year, as well as, where applicable, justify absence from Spanish territory due to illness.
  6. File a Personal Income Tax return each year.
  7. If they are not working and are adults or emancipated minors, they must accredit – within six months of the decision to grant the benefit – that they are registered as job seekers, except in the following cases:
    1st. Be in regulated education and under 28 years old. Where applicable, the six-month period for proving registration as a job seeker shall begin on the date on which the beneficiary reaches 28 years old.
    2nd. To have signed the special agreement regulated in Royal Decree 615/2007 of 11 May regulating the Social Security for carers of dependent persons.
    3rd. Be receiving a contributory permanent disability pension at the degree of absolute or severe disability, a non-contributory disability pension or a contributory retirement pension, or have reached the age of 65.
    4th. Have a disability to a degree equal to or greater than 65%.
    5th. To have a recognised situation of dependency, pursuant to the provisions of Law 39/2006 of 14 December Promoting Personal Independence and Care for People in a Situation of Dependency.
  8. Where the minimum vital income is compatible with income from work or economic activity, fulfil the conditions established for access to and maintenance of that compatibility.
  9. Participate in the inclusion strategies promoted by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration.
  10. Any other obligation that may be established by regulations.

Cohabitation unit members shall be obliged to:

  1. Report the death of the beneficiary.
  2. Notify the administration of any fact that distorts the purpose of the benefit granted.
  3. File a Personal Income Tax return each year.
  4. Fulfil the obligations of the beneficiary established in the previous section when the former, for any reason, does not fulfil them.
  5. If they are not working and are adults or emancipated minors, they must accredit – within six months of the decision to grant the benefit – that they are registered as job seekers, with the same exceptions and means of accreditation as those given in the previous section for beneficiaries.
  6. Where the minimum vital income is compatible with income from work or economic activity, fulfil the conditions established for access to and maintenance of that compatibility.
  7. Participate in the inclusion strategies promoted by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration.
  8. Fulfil any other obligation that may be established by regulations.

Return of benefits that were unduly collected

The National Social Security Institute may review ex officio, to the detriment of the beneficiaries, actions relating to the minimum vital income benefit, provided that this review is carried out within the maximum period of four years following the unchallenged administrative decision. In this case, it may also declare and demand ex officio the return of benefits that were unduly collected.

The managing entity may at any time correct material or factual errors and arithmetic errors, as well as reviews motivated by finding omissions or inaccuracies in the beneficiary's declarations, and also claim any amounts that were unduly collected for this reason.

In cases other than those indicated in the above paragraphs, reviews to the detriment of the beneficiaries shall be carried out in accordance with Act 36/2011, of 10 October, regulating Social Jurisdiction.

When a resolution is issued to terminate or change the amount of the benefit as a result of a change in the circumstances that determined its calculation and when there is no right to the benefit, or the amount to be received is lower than the amount paid, beneficiaries shall be obliged to return the amounts unduly collected according to the procedure established in Royal Decree 148/1996, of 5 February, regulating the special procedure for the reimbursement of unduly collected social security benefits, and in Royal Decree 1415/2004, of 11 June, approving the General Social Security Collection Regulation.

Beneficiaries and all persons who participate in fraudulently obtaining a benefit by facts, omissions, legal business or actions shall be jointly and severally liable for returning unduly collected benefits. Individuals jointly and severally liable may be required to pay the principal, surcharges and interest which must be demanded of the first person liable, and for all costs generated by collecting the debt.

In the above cases, if the debt is not paid within the voluntary payment period, the relevant surcharges shall be applied and late payment penalties shall accrue, notwithstanding that the latter are only enforceable during the executive collection period. In the cases determined by regulation, the manging body may agree to offset the debt with the monthly minimum vital income up to a certain maximum percentage of each monthly payment.

FAQ

In Frequently Asked Questions there are a series of questions published about the minimum living allowance that can clarify the most common doubts about this new benefit. They will be updated to include those that arise.

MVI services

In this section, you can access a summary of the most important aspects of the legal regulation of the minimum vital income. You can use the following services on this benefit:

  • Through this access you will find answers to the most frequently asked questions about the minimum vital income.
  • You can use the Minimum Vital Income Simulator to check whether you qualify for the Minimum Vital Income benefit and to find out the approximate amount you may be entitled to.
  • There is an information number on minimum living income: 900 20 22 22.


Change of Bank account

Notification of the change of bank account can be made by the financial institution on behalf of the holder of the Minimum Living Income. Further information.


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