Persons at least 23 years of age who do not receive a contributory pension for retirement or permanent disability, or a non-contributory pension for disability or retirement who, although they share a household, are not part of it, provided that:
- They are not married, unless they have initiated separation or divorce proceedings.
- They are not part of a domestic partnership.
- They are not part of another cohabitation unit.
If they are aged between 23 and 29, they must have had their legal and effective residency in Spain and have lived independently for at least three years prior to the application, unless they left their habitual residence as victims of gender-based violence, have initiated separation or divorce proceedings or other circumstances that may be determined. It is understood that a person has lived independently if they can prove that their address has been different to that of their parents, guardians or foster carers during the three years and that during this period they remained registered with the Social Security, State Pension Scheme or a mutual fund alternative to the Special Scheme for Self-Employed Workers for at least twelve months – whether continuous or not.
In the case of those aged over 30, they must prove that their address in Spain differed to that of their parents, guardians or foster carers during the year immediately prior to that date.
- Older women victims of gender-based violence or victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
- Permanent users of a social, health or public health residential service benefit are not entitled to the benefit, except in the case of women victims of gender-based violence or victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
Cohabitation unit beneficiaries
MVI beneficiaries, i.e., the persons who receive the benefit on behalf of and represent the household unit, must have legal capacity and be at least 23 years old.
Adults or emancipated minors when they have children or the custody of minors for the purpose of adoption or permanent foster care may also be beneficiaries, provided they have legal capacity.
The cohabitation unit if formed of all persons living in the same home, joined by marriage or as domestic partners, and their family members up to the second degree by consanguinity or affinity, adoption, and other persons living with them for the purpose of adoption or permanent foster care.
The benefit may be paid to persons who, without forming part of the cohabitation unit or forming part of an independent cohabitation unit, live in the same household with others with whom they have one of the aforementioned family ties. To do so, they must be in one of the following situations:
a) When a woman – a victim of gender violence – has left her habitual family home accompanied or not by her children or minors in foster care for the purpose of adoption or permanent family foster care.
b) When, due to the commencement of separation, annulment or divorce proceedings, or the dissolution of the formally constituted unmarried couple, a person has left their habitual family home, whether or not accompanied by their children or minors in foster care for the purpose of adoption or permanent family foster care. In the case of unmarried couples who have ceased living together, the person claiming the benefit must prove, where applicable, that the procedures for allocating custody and guardianship of the children have been initiated.
c) When it is accredited to have abandoned the home due to eviction, or because it has become uninhabitable due to accident or force majeure, as well as other cases that are established by regulation.
In the cases foreseen in paragraphs b) and c), an independent unit shall only be considered during the three years following the date on which the events indicated in each of them occurred.
When people who do not share the aforementioned family ties live together in the same household, those who are at risk of social exclusion – that must be accredited by social services – may be entitled to the minimum vital income.
In the case of persons who are registered in collective establishments, or who, because they are homeless and habitually reside in a municipality, are registered at a dummy address, the cohabitation unit will be made up of the persons joined by marriage, as a common-law couple, and, if applicable, with their descendant minors up to the first degree of consanguinity, affinity, adoption or by virtue of permanent family foster care or guardianship for the purpose of adoption. The aforementioned descendants may be up to the second degree if they are not registered with their first degree ascendants.
The cohabitation unit must have been continuous for at least one year prior to submitting the application.
Cohabitation is not deemed interrupted due to temporary separation because of studies, work, medical treatment, rehabilitation or other similar circumstances.
One person may not be part of more than one household unit.