Accreditation of requirements
- Identity, both of the applicants and of those forming the cohabitation unit, shall be accredited by means of the national identity document (DNI) in the case of Spaniards and by means of the national identity document of their country of origin or provenance, or foreigner identification card, or passport, in the case of foreign citizens who, in addition, must provide their foreign resident identification number (NIE) if this does not appear on the documents presented to accredit identity or legal residence in Spain.
A DNI is required of all Spaniards who are members of the cohabitation unit, regardless of their age. However, children under 14 years of age who are members of a cohabitation unit are exempt from paying fees for the issuance and renewal of their DNI.
- Legal residence in Spain shall be accredited by registration in the central registry of foreign nationals, in the case of nationals of the Member States of the European Union, European Economic Area or Swiss Confederation, or with a card of a family member of a Union citizen or a residence permit, in any form, in the case of foreign nationals of other nationalities.
Victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation, as well as their children, may prove legal residence in Spain with the provisional residence permit issued by the Secretary of State for Security of the Ministry of the Interior in collaboration with the police or judicial authorities, or issued by the Secretary of State for Migration in accordance with the personal situation of the victim.
Women victims of gender-based violence and their children may prove legal residence in Spain with the provisional residence permit issued by the authority competent to grant the residence permit for exceptional circumstances, pending a decision on the authorisation.
- Addresses in Spain will be accredited with city registration certificates.
- The existence of the cohabitation unit shall be accredited by means of the family book, civil registry certificate, and information in the Municipal Registers related to those registered at the same dwelling.
In the case of a mismatch with information provided in the benefit application, the following shall be requested: the corresponding historical and collective city registration certificate for the period required in each case, referring to the addresses where cohabitation unit members reside or have resided, issued by the Local Authority.
The existence of a domestic partnership shall be accredited using a registration certificate from any of the specific registries in the Autonomous Communities or local authorities in the place of residence, or a public record stating the existence of said partnership. Both the aforementioned registration and the signing of the relevant public record must have taken place at least two years prior to the date of the benefit application.
- The commencement of separation or divorce proceedings, or the existence thereof, shall be evidenced by the filing of the petition or the corresponding judicial decision, or by a public record.
- Not being united to another person by marriage or domestic partnership shall be accredited by a sworn statement or solemn statement from the individual himself, which shall be included in the benefit application. Said sworn statement or solemn statement shall not prevent the managing body from requiring additional accreditation in case of reasonable doubt.
- The accreditation of having lived independently from parents, guardians or carers shall be carried out with the information provided by the National Statistics Institute or, where applicable, the historical and collective city registration certificate in which all the persons registered in the applicant's home during the stated period are recorded.
- A person is considered to be homeless if they do not have a roof over their head and habitually reside in the municipality, and this shall be accredited by registration at a fictitious address in application of the corresponding technical instructions to the Local Authorities on the management of the Municipal Register.
- The status of women victims of gender-based violence shall be accredited by any of the means established in Article 23 of Organic Law 1/2004 of 28 December on Comprehensive Protection Measures against Gender-Based Violence.
- The status of victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation shall be accredited with a report issued by the public services responsible for the comprehensive care of these victims or by Social Services. This may also be accredited by means of a report issued by specialised social entities duly recognised by the Public Administrations competent in the matter.
- The status of persons between 18 and 22 years of age who come from residential centres for the protection of minors shall be accredited by means of a certificate issued by the entity that has been in charge of fostering or guardianship in the corresponding Autonomous Community.
- The status of persons with a disability equal to or greater than 65 per cent shall be accredited with a certificate from the competent body of the Autonomous Communities or IMSERSO (Institute of Social Services and the Elderly) in Ceuta and Melilla.
- Income and asset requirements for access to and maintenance of the minimum vital income financial benefit shall be determined by the managing body in accordance with the information obtained by electronic means from the State Tax Administration Agency (AEAT) and the Regional Tax Authorities of Navarre and the historical territories of the Basque Country.
- The applicant will not be required to provide evidence of facts, data or circumstances that the Social Security Administration should know for itself, such as the beneficiary’s situation in relation to the Social Security system; or the receipt by members of the cohabitation unit of another economic benefit that is recorded in the register of public social benefits.
A certificate issued by the competent Social Services or by social action third sector bodies entered in the register of IMV (minimum vital income) social mediators shall be required, where necessary to accredit the following requirements:
a) The effective residence in Spain of persons who, at the date of application, are registered at a dummy address in application of the corresponding technical instructions to local councils on managing the municipal register.
b) The temporary nature of the residential, social, health or social-health care service of which the applicant for the minimum vital income benefit is a user.
c) The actual address of the person claiming not to live at the address shown in the register.
d) The non-existence of family ties when, in addition to applicants for the minimum vital income who are united by such ties, there are other persons registered in the same household with whom it is claimed that they are not related by blood or affinity, nor being a domestic partner.
e) The non-existence of family ties between all or part of the cohabitants when one of them applies for the minimum vital income.
f) Compliance with the requirements relating to proof of having lived independently in Spain and proof of being part of a cohabitation unit for at least the year prior to submitting the application.
- In any case, a certificate issued by the competent Social Services or social action third sector bodies entered in the register of IMV social mediators shall be required to accredit the risk of social exclusion in the case of non-related cohabitants.