The reduction of the working day by at least 50%, with a proportional reduction in salary, carried out by parents, guardians for the purpose of adoption or permanent foster carers, when both are working, or when there is only one parent in the case of single-parent families, for the direct, continuous and permanent care of a minor in their care affected by cancer (malignant tumours, melanomas or carcinomas) or by any other serious illness included in the list in the annex of Royal Decree 1148/2011, of 29 July, which requires long-term hospitalisation, during the time of hospitalisation and continuous treatment of the illness, is considered a protected situation.
On reaching legal age, if the cancer or serious illness, diagnosed before reaching the age of majority, persists and the need for hospitalisation, treatment and care continues, the financial benefit shall be maintained until the age of 23.
However, once the age of 18 has been reached, the benefit may be recognised until the originator reaches the age of 23 in cases of cancer or serious illness diagnosed before reaching the age of majority, provided that at the time of the application the requirements established in the previous sections are accredited, except for age.
Likewise, the financial benefit will be maintained until the originator reaches the age of 26 if, before reaching the age of 23, he/she can also prove a degree of disability equal to or greater than 65%.
Long-term hospitalisation is considered to be hospitalisation when, after diagnosis and hospitalisation for the serious illness, it is necessary to continue medical treatment or care at home.
The accreditation of the suffering from cancer or another serious illness, as well as the need for hospitalisation and treatment, and of care during the same, will be carried out, even in cases in which the care and diagnosis has been carried out by private medical services, by means of a declaration from the doctor of the Public Health Service or health administrative body of the corresponding Autonomous Community. Furthermore, in cases where the diagnosis and treatment of the cancer or serious illness of the minor has been carried out by private medical services, a certified statement of the doctor from the centre responsible for the care of said person shall also be required.
The appointment of an individual as guardian of the minor shall also be deemed a protected situation under the same terms established above, in cases where the guardian is a family member who, pursuant to civil legislation, may not adopt the minor.
When there is a relapse due to cancer or a serious illness, a new hospital admission will not be necessary, although the need for continued medical treatment as well as direct, continuous and permanent care of the originator must be accredited through a new medical statement. by the parent, guardian or foster parent, spouse or domestic partner.