The normal retirement age may be lowered or brought forward for occupational groups or activities whose jobs are exceptionally arduous, dangerous, toxic or unhealthy and involve high mortality or morbidity rates, if the workers affected accredit in the respective profesion or work the minimum activity established, are on active contributor status or in an assimilated contributor situation and meet the other general requirements :
The application of the reduction coefficients will not entitle the interested party to access the retirement pension at an age below 52 years. This limitation will not affect workers in the Special Regimes (Coal Miners and Sea Workers) who, on 01-01-08, have recognised reduction coefficients for retirement age, to whom the previous regulations are applicable.
Since 01-01-08, the reduction coefficients will not be taken into account for the purpose of accrediting the age demanded to be entitled to partial retirement, early retirement when insured by a mutual society and any other form of early retirement, or for the additional percentage for those retiring after the standard retirement age.
The law governing the general procedure for establishing retirement age must be followed. This foresees carrying out preliminary studies on accidents in the sector, arduous, toxic, dangerous or harmful working conditions, their impact on disability generated in workers and physical requirements demanded for carrying out the activity.