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Integrated Special Regimes

General considerations

In accordance with the tendency to unity that must govern the Social Security system, the following expired Special Regimes became integrated within the General Regime (by Royal Decree 2621/1986): Railway Workers, Football Players, Commercial Representatives, Artists, and Bullfighters; and that of Book Writers became integrated within the Special Regime for Self-employed Workers.

Consequently, they are governed by the rules of the Social Security General Regime, except for the specificities expressly provided for these collectives.


Royal Decree 1435/1985, of 1st August, regulates artists' special labour relationship in public spectacles, understanding as such the relationship between a public spectacle organiser or employer and those who voluntarily render artistic activities on account, within the former's organisation and management scope, in exchange for compensation.

Moreover, the above-mentioned Royal Decree includes within its scope of application all the relationships established for the execution of artistic activities under the terms described above, whether directly performed in front of an audience or in any type of recording designed for diffusion among the public, in media such as theatre, cinema, radio, television, bullrings, sports facilities, circuses, night-clubs, discotheques, and, in general, any premises regularly or fortuitously designed for public spectacles, or artistic or exhibition performances.

The following persons shall not be subject to the special regulations specified in this section, but, instead, to the entire General Regime regulations:

As regards theatre, circus, varieties, and folklore workers, the technical and auxiliary personnel who collaborate with the spectacles, such as:

The spectacle manager.

The persons responsible for tailoring and hairdressing.

Machinists or stagehands.

As regards music professionals:

Music professionals who perform a teaching function.

Piano players who render services at dance schools.

Musical technicians: proofreaders, reducers, transcribers, autographers, or copyists.

As regards film or television production, dubbing, or synchronisation tasks:

Laboratory personnel.

Distribution and advertising personnel.

In general:

Administrative personnel: technicians and auxiliaries.

Auxiliary personnel.

Manual workers: carpenters, workshop managers, skilled professionals, electricians, machinists, light technicians.

The personnel who collaborate with the spectacles, but have not acquired the professionalism to be considered as artists, such as ensemble ladies, merit workers, etc. That is, until they acquire a higher classification, once the professional training specified in articles 62 to 66 of the Theatre, Circus, Varieties, and Folklore Work Ordinances has been received.

Technical personnel (editors, light technicians, sound technicians, etc.) who accompany artists (singers and musicians) during their performances.

Bullfighting professionals

This collective's field of application includes bullfighting professionals who reside and normally exercise their activity in the national territory, and are comprised within any of the following occupational classifications:

Matadors or apprentice matadors.


Substitute matadors.

Banderilleros, picadors, and rejoneador subordinates.

Sword and lance handlers and their helpers.


Comic bullfighters.

Candidates to the various occupational classifications.

Commercial representatives

This collective's field of application includes physical persons who, while acting under the designation of representative, mediator, or any other whereby they are identified in the labour environment, commits with one or more employers, in exchange for compensation, to personally promote or arrange commercial operations on their behalf, without assuming the risk and venture of such operations.


Employees of Companies who, while devoted to promoting or arranging commercial operations for them, do so in Company premises or have a job therein subject to the Company's work schedule.

Those who devote themselves to promoting or arranging commercial operations continuously on behalf of one or more employers as owners of an autonomous business organisation, understanding as such an organisation that has its own facilities and personnel. It shall be presumed that no autonomous organisation exists when those who devote themselves to promoting or arranging commercial operations act in accordance with an employer's instructions regarding matters such as work schedules, itineraries, distribution criteria, prices, and ordering and contracting procedures.

Physical persons included within the scope of the specific regulations on insurance production and non-banking contacts provided that, according to said regulations, they are configured as subjects of a commercial relationship.

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