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Widowhood Pension Procedure

The general procedure is presented below.

What is the Social Security widowhood pension?

It is an economic benefit that consists of a lifetime pension granted to those who were married to or were a partner in a de facto couple with the deceased and who meet the requirements.

What formalities are necessary?

  • Complete the Application for Survivors' Benefits form.
  • The personal and specific documentation indicated in the application form.

Where is it processed?

The application and necessary documentation should be submitted to any of the Social Security Support and Information Centres of the National Social Security Institute.
Sea workers must submit it to the Provincial Offices of the Social Marine Institute (ISM).

Entitlement is granted by the National Social Security Institute (INSS), except for seafarers, in which case it is the Social Marine Institute (ISM); when death is caused by a work-related injury,  the Mutual Society Partnering with Social Security.

When do you apply for widowhood pension when does payment begin?

The pension may be applied for at any time following the death. However, when the application is submitted after the three months following the death, the pension is paid with a maximum backdating of 3 months from the application date.

When the application is submitted within the 3 months following the date of death, it is paid:

If the deceased was affiliated, in a situation assimilated to inscription or not affiliated, from the day following the date of the causal event.
If the deceased was a pensioner, from the first day of the month following the date of the causal event.

When does the right to the pension expire?

The widowhood pension expires:

On remarrying or setting up a de facto couple, (with exceptions).
On the declaration, in a final sentence, of guilt in the death of the originator.
On the death of the pensioner.
Upon it being proven that a missing person did not die.

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