Minimum Vital Income

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Languages available: Castellano

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Languages available: Castellano

5. What if I forgot to send any necessary documents with my application?

From the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS) we will contact you to indicate the necessary documentation to resolve your application and give you a deadline to submit it.

In order to speed up the process, it is very important that you indicate a telephone number or e-mail address in your application so that we can contact you, in addition to your habitual home address.


11. Must all members of the cohabitation unit have legal residence in Spain?

Yes, whether it is an individual beneficiary or the members of a cohabitation unit, all must prove legal and effective residence in Spain continuously and uninterruptedly for at least the year prior to submitting the application, with the exception of:

  • Minors incorporated into the cohabitation unit by birth, adoption, foster care or permanent family placement.
  • Women victims of gender-based violence.

12. Do I lose my resident status in Spain if I travel abroad?

Habitual residence in Spain is maintained even if you take trips abroad that do not exceed a total of 90 days in each calendar year or are due to justified causes of illness.

The departure and stay abroad of any member of the cohabitation unit must be communicated in advance to the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS), indicating the duration of the stay.

Non-compliance with the obligation to notify the INSS of absences or trips  of more than three months will result in the suspension of payment of the benefit, without prejudice to the fact that this will entail the appropriate sanctions and the obligation to reimburse the benefits received.

13. How is the benefit paid?

The benefit will be paid monthly and is made by bank transfer to an account of the holder of the benefit.

The minimum living allowance is non-transferable. It may not be offered as a guarantee of obligations, nor be the object of total or partial assignment, compensation or discount, retention or seizure, except for the compensation that may be made in payments by the INSS in the event of having received amounts greater than those corresponding to the criteria and requirements for setting the amounts to be received.

15. Can I get child benefits and the minimum living allowance?

The two benefits are incompatible.

From the entry into force of the Royal Decree-Law establishing the minimum living allowance, no new applications may be submitted for child or dependent minor benefits under the Social Security system, which will be done away with. However, if you were unable to submit your application for a child or dependent minor benefit during the period of the state of alarm, you may submit it within 30 calendar days of the entry into force of the minimum living allowance, provided that you expressly indicate the date on which you intend to submit it.

If you are currently receiving this allowance, the INSS may inform you of the conversion of this benefit to the minimum living allowance during the second half of June. This conversion will be carried out provided that, according to the data that the Management Entity has on its family unit, the amount of the minimum living allowance is equal to or more favourable. However, you may choose to keep the benefit, informing the INSS of your decision, once you receive the communication of conversion between benefits sent to your home.


16. If I am a beneficiary of the minimum living allowance, do I have to pay the contribution for medicines?

No, the beneficiaries of the minimum living allowance are exempt from the user’s contribution to the outpatient pharmaceutical benefit.


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