According to Royal Decree 383/2008, of 14 March, a retirement pension may be granted to workers under the retirement age in effect at any time who work for another person or to public employees who are included in the General Social Security Scheme and serve as firefighters, in the different ranks, categories or specialities, for local councils, autonomous communities, the Ministry of Defence, the Spanish Airports and Navigation Organisation (AENA) or for consortia or groups that could have been set up by the civil service departments listed.
The standard requirement age in effect at any time to access the retirement pension will be reduced by a period equivalent to the result of applying a reduction coefficient of 0.20 to the time actually worked as a firefighter.
Under no circumstances will this reduction in the retirement age grant the interested party the right to claim a retirement pension when under the age of 60, or 59 if he/she can accredit 35 or more years of effective contributions, without including the proportional part for the extra payments, while working as a firefighter.
To calculate the actual time worked, all days taken off will be discounted, except for the following:
- Days taken as sick leave for a common or occupational illness or an injury, whether work-related or not.
- Days that correspond to suspension of the employment contract on the grounds of maternity, paternity, adoption, fostering, risk during pregnancy or risk during breastfeeding.
- Days authorised in the corresponding labour resolutions for which the worker is entitled to remuneration.
The period of time by which the retirement age is reduced is considered to be contributory only for the purpose of determining the percentage applicable to the base pension.
Both the age reduction and the calculation of this time are applicable in order to establish this percentage, even if the right to claim a pension is generated under a different Scheme from the General Scheme.