Any reduction in working hours along with the proportional reduction in salary experienced by the parents, adoptive parents or foster parents in pre-adoptive and permanent foster care, in those cases where both parents work, in order to care for their dependent minors suffering from cancer or another serious illness included on the list provided in the appendix of RD 1148/2011, of 29 July, which requires long-term hospital admission in order to provide direct, continuous and permanent care, during the period of hospitalisation and the ongoing treatment of the illness, shall be deemed a protected situation.
Long-term hospital admission is also deemed to include the ongoing medical treatment or care of the minor at their home address after diagnosis and hospitalisation for a serious illness.
The certification of a protected situation, even for cases where the care and diagnosis has been carried out by private medical services, shall consist of a certified statement from the|SPS or administrative healthcare body of the corresponding Autonomous Region responsible for the care of the minor. Furthermore, in cases where the diagnosis and treatment of the cancer or serious illness of the minor has been carried out by private medical services, a certified statement of the doctor from the centre responsible for the care of the minor shall also be required.
The appointment of an individual as guardian of the minor shall also be deemed a protected situation under the same terms established for case of adoption and fostering, in cases where the guardian is a family member who, pursuant to civil legislation, may not adopt the minor.
In cases of a relapse of the minor as a result of the cancer or serious illness, another hospital admission will not be required if a new medical statement is provided to certify, after the diagnosis and hospitalisation, the need for continued medical treatment and for direct, continuous and permanent care of the minor by the parent, adoptive parent or foster parent.