Violence that, as a manifestation of discrimination, situations of inequality and relationships where men are in a position of power over women, is committed by men against women who are or have been their spouse or partner of similar standing, even if they were not cohabiting.
It includes any act of physical and psychological violence, including assaults on sexual freedom, threats, coercion or arbitrary detention.
The period that the employment contract is suspended due to the female worker's decision to stop working as a result of falling victim to gender-based violence, shall be considered to be a situation assimilated to affiliation, and an effective contribution period for the purposes of the corresponding Social Security benefits for retirement, permanent disability, death or survival, maternity and unemployment. The initial duration of this suspension period may be no longer than 6 months, but can be extended by 3-month periods up to a maximum duration of 18 months.
When self-employed female workers are victims of gender-based violence and stop work for their own protection or to gain entitlement to overall social welfare, their obligation to make contributions shall be suspended for a 6-month period, which will be considered as an effective contribution period for the purposes of Social Security benefits. Likewise, they shall be considered to be in a situation assimilated to affiliation.
Any person who is sentenced, in a final judgement, of having committed the crime of murder in any of its forms or of causing injuries, shall lose their status as beneficiary of the corresponding widowhood pension, when the victim of said crimes was the originator, unless, as the case may be, there is reconciliation between these parties.
In these cases, the widowhood pension that would have been granted will increase the orphan's pensions, if there are any, as long as said increase is set forth in the regulatory legislation of the Social Security scheme in question.
Any person who is sentenced, in a final judgement, of having committed the crime of murder in any of its forms or of causing injuries, when the victim was this person's spouse or ex-spouse, or was or had been their partner in a relationship of a similar standing, even if they were not cohabiting, shall not be entitled to receive, under any circumstances, the orphan's pension of which their children may be beneficiaries, unless, as the case may be, there is reconciliation between these parties.