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Minimum Vital Income

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Languages available: Castellano

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Languages available: Castellano

1. What information and services are available on minimum living income?

In addition to the information provided in this consultation section, which answers the most frequently asked questions about the minimum living income, other services are available:

  • On this access you will find a summary of the most important aspects of the legal regulation of the minimum income.
  • You have theMinimum Living Income Simulator at your disposal to check whether you qualify for the Minimum Living Income benefit and to find out the approximate amount you may be entitled to.
  • To apply for the minimum living income, access the Minimum Living Income Service on our website.
  • There is an information number on minimum living income: 900 20 22 22.

2. Do I have to go to an office to apply for the minimum living allowance?

It is not necessary to go to a Social Security office (CAISS) to apply for the minimum living allowance.

For the health and safety of all we ask you to avoid risks and request an appointment to attend in person and only if it is essential.

Therefore, it is highly recommended to use the web services of the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS) on the Social Security’s E-Office, where citizens, with a mobile phone, a tablet or from a computer, can securely submit their application any day of the week and at any time, without the need for an electronic certificate or Cl@ve, or to make any trips


3. How can I apply online?

There are two ways to apply online :

  • If you do not have an electronic certificate or cl@ve password to identify yourself, you can use the Minimum Vital Income Service without a certificate.

You will be given a form in which you will have to include your information and that of the people who, if any, are part of your cohabitation unit. You will need to attach an image of your identity card and the documents needed to resolve your application.

  • If you have an electronic certificate or cl@ve password, we recommend that you use the  Minimum Vital Income Service with a certificate or password. You will be given a PDF form in which to include the necessary information and, as in the previous case, you will have to attach an image of your identity document and the documents needed to resolve your application. You can use this service through another person with an electronic certificate or cl@ve password, who will act as your representative for this procedure.


4. How soon will my application for minimum living allowance be resolved?

The maximum time limit for resolving your application is six months from the date of submission.

Once this period has elapsed without an express resolution, the application will be understood to have been rejected due to administrative silence. However, the National Institute of the Social Security shall expressly decide on the applications submitted, even if more than six months have elapsed since they were submitted. Applications submitted by 31 December 2020, if approved, retain economic effects from 1 June 2020.

Once the application for the benefit has been received, the competent body, prior to allowing the application, will check whether the beneficiaries living alone or forming part of a cohabitation unit, on the basis of the data declared in the application submitted, meet the requirement of economic vulnerability. The decision of inadmissibility will be issued within 30 days, and may be the subject of a prior administrative complaint, which will be limited to the cause of inadmissibility. The allowance of the application shall not prevent its rejection if, during the investigation of the procedure, the managing body carries out new verifications that determine the non-fulfilment of the requirement of economic vulnerability.


5. What if I forgot to send any necessary documents with my application?

From the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS) we will contact you to indicate the necessary documentation to resolve your application and give you a deadline to submit it.

In order to speed up the process, it is very important that you indicate a telephone number or e-mail address in your application so that we can contact you, in addition to your habitual home address.


6. If I have any questions, how can I find out?

In this section of the website you will find useful information on the minimum living allowance.

In addition, the Social Security website has a specific section with complete information on the minimum living allowance.

You can also use the MVI Calculator to check whether, with the information you provide, you could be entitled to the service and the amount that would correspond, if applicable. Please note that this calculator is made available to you for informational purposes only and may not create any rights or expectations of rights. To request the benefit you must make your application through our electronic services, with or without a digital certificate or Cl@ve.


11. Must all members of the cohabitation unit have legal residence in Spain?

Yes, whether it is an individual beneficiary or the members of a cohabitation unit, all must prove legal and effective residence in Spain continuously and uninterruptedly for at least the year prior to submitting the application, with the exception of:

  • Minors incorporated into the cohabitation unit by birth, adoption, foster care or permanent family placement.
  • Women victims of gender-based violence.

12. Do I lose my resident status in Spain if I travel abroad?

Habitual residence in Spain is maintained even if you take trips abroad that do not exceed a total of 90 days in each calendar year or are due to justified causes of illness.

The departure and stay abroad of any member of the cohabitation unit must be communicated in advance to the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS), indicating the duration of the stay.

Non-compliance with the obligation to notify the INSS of absences or trips  of more than three months will result in the suspension of payment of the benefit, without prejudice to the fact that this will entail the appropriate sanctions and the obligation to reimburse the benefits received.

13. How is the benefit paid?

The benefit will be paid monthly and is made by bank transfer to an account of the holder of the benefit.

The minimum living allowance is non-transferable. It may not be offered as a guarantee of obligations, nor be the object of total or partial assignment, compensation or discount, retention or seizure, except for the compensation that may be made in payments by the INSS in the event of having received amounts greater than those corresponding to the criteria and requirements for setting the amounts to be received.

16. If I am a beneficiary of the minimum living allowance, do I have to pay the contribution for medicines?

No, the beneficiaries of the minimum living allowance are exempt from the user’s contribution to the outpatient pharmaceutical benefit.


17. If I am a beneficiary of the minimum living allowance, do I have to pay the contribution for medicines?

No, the beneficiaries of the minimum living allowance are exempt from the user’s contribution to the outpatient pharmaceutical benefit.


16. Can I get child benefits and the minimum living allowance?

The two benefits are incompatible.

From the entry into force of the Royal Decree-Law establishing the minimum living allowance, no new applications may be submitted for child or dependent minor benefits under the Social Security system, which will be done away with.


10. Which member of the cohabitation unit should apply for the benefit?

Any member of the cohabitation unit with legal capacity to act may apply for the benefit, although the application must be signed by all members.

Must be at least 23 years of age. If you have children or minors in care for the purpose of adoption or permanent family placement, you may apply for the benefit provided that you are an adult or an emancipated minor.

The person who applies for the benefit on behalf of a cohabitation unit shall represent that unit.


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