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Minimum Vital Income

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Languages available: Castellano

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Languages available: Castellano

1. What information and services are available on minimum living income?

In addition to the information provided in this consultation section, which answers the most frequently asked questions about the minimum living income, other services are available:

  • On this access you will find a summary of the most important aspects of the legal regulation of the minimum income.
  • You have theMinimum Living Income Simulator at your disposal to check whether you qualify for the Minimum Living Income benefit and to find out the approximate amount you may be entitled to.
  • To apply for the minimum living income, access the Minimum Living Income Service on our website.
  • There is an information number on minimum living income: 900 20 22 22.

3. How can I apply online?

To apply online, from 15 June, you have two options:

  • If you do not have an electronic certificate or cl@ve password to identify yourself, you can use the Minimum Living Allowance Service without a certificate.

You will be given a form in which you will have to include your information and that of the people who, if any, are part of your cohabitation unit. You will need to attach an image of your identity card and the documents needed to resolve your application.

  • If you have an electronic certificate or cl@ve password, we recommend that you use theMinimum Living Allowance Service with a certificate or password. You will be given a PDF form in which to include the necessary information and, as in the previous case, you will have to attach an image of your identity document and the documents needed to resolve your application. You can use this service through another person with an electronic certificate or cl@ve password, who will act as your representative for this procedure.


5. What if I forgot to send any necessary documents with my application?

From the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS) we will contact you to indicate the necessary documentation to resolve your application and give you a deadline to submit it.

In order to speed up the process, it is very important that you indicate a telephone number or e-mail address in your application so that we can contact you, in addition to your habitual home address.


6. If I have any questions, how can I find out?

In this section of the website you will find useful information on the minimum living allowance.

In addition, the Social Security website has a specific section with complete information on the minimum living allowance.

You can also use the MVI Calculator to check whether, with the information you provide, you could be entitled to the service and the amount that would correspond, if applicable. Please note that this calculator is made available to you for informational purposes only and may not create any rights or expectations of rights. To request the benefit you must make your application through our electronic services, with or without a digital certificate or Cl@ve.


8. What requirements must I meet to qualify for the minimum living allowance?

The basic requirements are:

  • To have legal and effective residence in Spain on a continuous basis during the immediately preceding year.
  • To be in a situation of economic vulnerability, which is accredited by taking into consideration your wealth and your level of income and earnings.
  • To have applied for the current pensions and benefits to which you may be entitled, under the terms to be fixed by regulation. Social wages, minimum insertion income or similar social assistance aid granted by the Autonomous Communities are excluded.
  • That the cohabitation unit has been formed for at least a year.
  • In addition to these general requirements, you must meet a number of conditions relating to your personal circumstances and/or those of your cohabitation unit.


9. I live alone and there are no people who depend on me. Can I be entitled to the benefit?

Yes, you must be at least 23 years old, not receiving a contributory retirement or permanent incapacity pension or a non-contributory disability or retirement pension and not be married (unless you are in the process of separation or divorce) or  united with another person as a common-law partner.

Likewise, if you are under 30 you must accredit having lived independently in Spain for at least three years prior to the application, unless they left their habitual residence as victims of gender-based violence, have initiated separation or divorce proceedings or other circumstances that may be determined. It is understood that a person has lived independently if they can prove that their address has been different to that of their parents, guardians or foster carers during the three years immediately prior to the application and that during this period they remained  registered with the Social Security, State Pension Scheme or a mutual fund alternative to the Special Scheme for Self-Employed Workers for at least twelve months – whether continuous or not.

If aged over 30, they must prove that their address in Spain differed to that of their parents, guardians or foster carers during the year prior to the application.

Permanent users of a social, health or public health residential service benefit are not entitled to the benefit, except in the case of women victims of gender-based violence or victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation.

Women of legal age who are victims of gender-based violence or victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation may also be entitled.


11. Must all members of the cohabitation unit have legal residence in Spain?

Yes, whether it is an individual beneficiary or the members of a cohabitation unit, all must prove legal and effective residence in Spain continuously and uninterruptedly for at least the year prior to submitting the application, with the exception of:

  • Minors incorporated into the cohabitation unit by birth, adoption, foster care or permanent family placement.
  • Women victims of gender-based violence.

12. Do I lose my resident status in Spain if I travel abroad?

Habitual residence in Spain is maintained even if you take trips abroad that do not exceed a total of 90 days in each calendar year or are due to justified causes of illness.

The departure and stay abroad of any member of the cohabitation unit must be communicated in advance to the Spanish National Social Security Institute (INSS), indicating the duration of the stay.

Non-compliance with the obligation to notify the INSS of absences or trips  of more than three months will result in the suspension of payment of the benefit, without prejudice to the fact that this will entail the appropriate sanctions and the obligation to reimburse the benefits received.

13. How is the benefit paid?

The benefit will be paid monthly and is made by bank transfer to an account of the holder of the benefit.

The minimum living allowance is non-transferable. It may not be offered as a guarantee of obligations, nor be the object of total or partial assignment, compensation or discount, retention or seizure, except for the compensation that may be made in payments by the INSS in the event of having received amounts greater than those corresponding to the criteria and requirements for setting the amounts to be received.

16. If I am a beneficiary of the minimum living allowance, do I have to pay the contribution for medicines?

No, the beneficiaries of the minimum living allowance are exempt from the user’s contribution to the outpatient pharmaceutical benefit.


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