- Being registered with the Social Security and in active contributor status or equivalent.
- Having contributed to the Social Security for a minimum of 360 days, within the six years prior to the legal unemployment situation, or to the moment in which the obligation to contribute expired.
- Being legally unemployed, available to seek employment and willing to accept a suitable post as demonstrated by signing an activity commitment.
- Not having reached the legal retirement age, which would entitle the worker to claim a retirement pension.
An activity commitment is the obligation of the applicant or beneficiary of benefits to actively seek employment, accept a suitable post, and participate in specific actions based on motivation, information, career advice, re-training and occupational placement to increase their employability, as well as meeting other established obligations.
A suitable post is a post in the profession being requested by the worker, as well as one in the worker's usual profession, or one that fits the worker's physical and educational aptitudes. In any case, a suitable post is considered to be any post that coincides with the last post held by the worker, as long as its duration was three months or more.
After a full year in receipt of unemployment benefits, other professions can be considered in addition to the above-mentioned professions, if in the opinion of the Public Employment Service they can be practised by the worker.
A post will be considered suitable if it is located in the usual place of residence of the worker, or in any other location within 30 km, unless the worker proves that the fastest round trip takes up more than 25% of the working day itself, or that it costs more than 20% of monthly earnings. A post is also considered suitable if the worker is able to obtain suitable accommodation at the location of the new job.
A post offered to a worker will be considered suitable after taking into account the duration of the contract (permanent or temporary) and the working hours (full-time or part-time). In addition, for a post to be considered suitable the salary must be equivalent to the post, regardless of how much the worker receives in benefits or whether the post in question is considered to be community work.
In order to enforce the guidelines outlined above, the relevant Public Employment Service is obliged to take into account the worker's professional and personal circumstances, as well as the compatibility of family life and work, the specified insertion schedule, the characteristics of the offered post, transport availability, and the characteristics of the local labour market. Under no circumstances may the salary of a suitable post be less than the minimum inter-professional salary, after the deduction of transport costs.
Average of the unemployment contribution basis for the last 180 working days, not counting payment for working overtime.
- 70% of the calculation basis, during the first 180 days.
- 50% of the Regulatory Base for the remaining duration of the benefit.
- No children: 80% of the monthly Public Income Indicator with Multiple Effects (IPREM) in force at the time when the entitlement comes into effect, increased by one sixth (497.00 euros/month for benefits starting in 2011).
- With children: 107% of the monthly IPREM in force at the time when the entitlement comes into effect, increased by one sixth (664.74 euros/month for benefits starting in 2011).
- No children: 175% of the monthly IPREM in force at the time when the entitlement comes into effect, increased by one sixth (1.087,20 euros/month for benefits starting in 2011).
- With one child: 200% of the monthly IPREM in force at the time when the entitlement comes into effect, increased by one sixth (1,242.52 euros/month for benefits starting in 2011).
- With two or more children: 225% of the monthly IPREM in force at the time when the entitlement comes into effect, increased by one sixth (1.397,83 euros/month for benefits starting in 2011).
In the case of unemployment due to the loss of a part-time job, the maximum and minimum limit of the benefit will be calculated by applying the percentage equivalent to the actual hours worked in a part-time day divided by the company's normal working day to the established minimum and maximum limits.