MINISTERIO
DE EMPLEO
Y SEGURIDAD SOCIAL

Social Security

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Workers

Rights Recipients / Beneficiaries




  • Children or minors who live with and depend economically on the beneficiary will be considered "dependent children or minors  in permanent foster care or pre-adoption guardianship".

Unless proof is provided to the contrary, it will be understood that economic dependency exists when the child or minor in foster care lives with the recipient. The situation of living together is not changed by temporary separation due to studies, the work of the parents, adoptive or foster parents, medical treatment, rehabilitation or other similar causes.

The status of the dependent child or minor will not disappear due to paid work, as an employee or self-employed, as long as the child continues to live with the beneficiary and the annual income earned from the job does not exceed 100% of the MW  in force at any given time, calculated on an annual basis.

  • The child or minor  will be considered "not dependent" on the recipient:
    • If the income received for their job or an income replacement benefit is more than 100% of the abovementioned MW .
    • When they receive a contributory pension from a Spanish or foreign social protection scheme, different from the orphanage pension or pension for family members of grandchildren and siblings.

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Parents or adoptive parents will be entitled to the allowance per dependent  child or minor, provided that:

  • They legally reside in Spain. This condition will be considered fulfilled in the event that workers relocated by their employers outside of Spain, whose situation is assimilated to affiliation and who make contributions to the relevant Spanish Social Security scheme.

    Absences from Spain of less than 90 days over the course of a calendar year, or absence caused by duly justified illnesses will not result in residence being considered as interrupted.  

  • They are responsible for dependent children or minors in permanent foster care or pre-adoption guardianship, under than 18 years old, or older but with a degree of disability equal to or greater than 65%, and residents in Spain. This condition will be considered fulfilled for dependent children or minors that accompany workers relocated outside of Spain by their employer.

  • They have no right to benefits of the same nature under any other public social protection regime.

  • They do not receive  annual income, of any nature, of more than  €11,576.83. This amount will increase by 15% for each dependent child or foster child, starting from the second child thereafter. No income limit is required in order to acknowledge a beneficiary's status when responsible for a dependent child or foster child with a disability.

    As regards large families, annual income must not exceed €17,423.84 for families with 3 dependent children, with an increase of €2,822,18 for each additional child, starting from the fourth.

    In the event that the parents or adoptive parents live together, should their combined income exceed the limit, they will not be entitled to the benefit. This rule will likewise apply to permanent or foster care or pre-adoption guardianship, by a single family unit comprising two people.

  • However, they may still be recognised as beneficiaries if their annual income exceeding the amounts stipulated in the above paragraph, for any reason is lower than the amount that results from adding the product of multiplying the annual allocation per child or foster child by the number of dependent  children or minors to this figure.


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  • Double orphans who have lost both parents or adoptive parents, aged under 18 or affected by a degree of disability of 65% or over
  • Children who are not orphans but have been abandoned by their parents or adoptive parents, provided that they are not in permanent foster care or pre-adoption guardianship, and provided that they meet the age or disability requirements set out above.

    For non-disabled, orphaned or abandonded minors, their annual income, including, where applicable, their orphan's pension or family member's pension, must not exceed the established income limit .
  • Disabled children aged over 18 who are not recognised as being legally disabled   and who are able to work (a condition that is assumed when no proof of legal disability has been provided), shall receive benefits that, by virtue of having had said children, would have been due to their parents or adoptive parents, after having submitted the application and having been witnessed by said parents.

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When the family lives together:

If both parents, adoptive parents or applicants for adoption meet the necessary conditions to be declared the beneficiaries of a single originator, the beneficiary will be:

  • One of them, by mutual agreement. It is assumed that there is an agreement in place when one of the beneficiaries seeks receipt of the benefit.
  • If there is no agreement, which must be specifically communicated to the INSS , the rules regarding parental authority and custody set forth in the Civil Code will apply. In such an event, the INSS will issue a decision by means of which and after prior recognition, where appropriate, of the entitlement to receive the benefit, payment will be suspended until an appropriate judicial decision is reached.

In instances of legal separation, annulment or divorce:

The beneficiary will be whoever is responsible for  the dependent child or minor in permanent foster care or under guardianship for adoption , even if the person in question was not the same person receiving the benefit prior to the legal separation, annulment or divorce, provided that his/her income does not exceed the annual income limits established for beneficiaries.

However, when both parents or foster parents meet the requirements to be declared beneficiaries, the benefit will be awarded:

  • To one person, as determined by mutual agreement. It is assumed that there is an agreement in place when only one party seeks receipt of the benefit.
  • If there is no agreement in place and no express legal decision has been rendered, the beneficiary will be named as the person awarded custody of the child or minor.
  • When a judicial decision has established that custody of the child or minor must be split, each parent will receive, upon request, a sum that is proportionate to the time that he/she has been awarded custody of the subject. 

The provisions in this section will be applied following the breakdown of a family unit that is based upon a similar emotional relationship as that of a marriage.

For orphans who have lost both parents or foster parents and for non-orphaned children that have been abandoned by their parents:

  • The sum will be paid to their legal representatives or those responsible for the "legally disabled" minor or person, provided that they comply with their duty to care for and educate them.
  • Otherwise, the sum will be directly allocated to the orphan or abandoned child.

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  • To provide evidence that the income limit requirement is met, income resulting from employment, capital gains, net worth gains and earnings from economic activities, under the provisions of article 59 paragraph 1 of the LGSS  will be considered in order to recognise entitlement to minimum pension supplements, according to the following rules:
    • From 1 January 2013 onwards, income from employment (which, for these purposes, includes Social Security benefits, pensions and other entitlements from Mutual Societies for social insurance, such as retirement, disability allowance, widow/widower's pension and others) or economic activities will be calculated as their net value (net income). Additional provision  14 of the Consolidated Text of the  LGSS introduced by final provision 7 of Law 27/2011, of 1 August, amending art. 14 of RD 1335/2005, of 11 November, regulating Social Security family benefits.
    • The total amount of income  from investment capital will be considered.
    • For investment capital income, the total amount of income will be considered, less deductible costs according to tax legislation.
    • For capital gains, only net gains with a positive balance deriving from the sale of personal property (shares, investment funds, etc.) or real estate property are considered.
    • Exempt income referred to in paragraphs a), b), c), d), e), i), j), n), o), q), r), s), t), x) and z) of article 7 of the revised text of the IRPF  Act will not be calculated, nor will the family benefits referred to in paragraph h) of the above article, or the third person's supplement amount in the event of severe disability pensions.
  • To calculate income, income received by the beneficiaries during the tax year prior to birth or adoption (single payment benefit) or the application presentation date (economic allocation per child or minor in foster care) shall be considered.
  • For abandoned minors or double orphans, only the income they receive will be considered, providing that they are not in permanent foster care or pre-adoption guardianship.
  • In the event that both parents, adoptive parents or foster carers live together, their annual income will be considered jointly. For this purpose, it is assumed that the spouses live together, unless proven otherwise, and under no circumstances will temporary or circumstantial separation as a result of employment or similar conditions be considered to amount to a lack of cohabitation.
  • When cohabiting with just one parent or adoptive parent, in the event that one parent dies or the marriage is annulled or the couple is legally separated or divorced, income that the beneficiary receives for dependent  children as their legal representative and that is received as part of the orphan's pension and the family members' pension for grandchildren and siblings of the originator, shall not be considered.

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